Express feeling:

  • Open and direct displays of feelings are discouraged. Self control is valued and the outward slow of emotion seldom matches depth of feeling. Negative emotions like anger, irritation of a reluctance to hurt other people and a fear of being criticized and losing face out bursts of anger are not forgotten easily and reflect badly on the individual involved.
  • Positive feeling of joy and pleasure are expressed more readily but still often not shown strongly. Informative:
  • Family and friends were preferred as sources of information as they work to be more reliable than strangers. Correcting:
  • While people usually correct close friends or family directly, they are more reluctant to correct older people, people of higher status or people who are not close to them.
  • To an older person, advice is not expressed as strongly and would not be offered without being requested. Politeness would be shown by general manner and tone of voice and the advice often would be expressed more tentatively. Complaining:
  • People prefer to avoid open conflict and are usually reluctant to complain. Rather than voice their feelings, they often keep them to themselves.
  • It is also common to complain about fate when something goes wrong. An older person would be expected to tell a younger person what to do rather than to ask.

    Reference: Genevieve Louise Language and culture Kampuchea 1984